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Sustainable livelihoods

‘A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social resources) and activities required for a means of living. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base’

- Chambers, R. and G. Conway, 1992 (Department for International Development)

Fashion is by its nature highly labour intensive. The creation of sustainable livelihoods not same as jobs. give garment factory example, investing in capacities and skills, strengthening supply structures.

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) differentiates between jobs and livelihoods:

JOBS
“A job connotes one particular activity or trade that is performed in exchange for payment. It is also a formal agreement, as manifested by a contract, between an employer and employee…… . A job can, however, comprise part of an overall livelihood, but does so only to complement other aspects of a livelihood portfolio.”

LIVELIHOODS
“A livelihood, on the other hand, is engagement in a number of activities which, at times, neither require a formal agreement nor are limited to a particular trade. Livelihoods may or may not involve money. Jobs invariably do. Livelihoods are self-directing. …. . Livelihoods are based on income derived from “jobs”, but also on incomes derived from assets and entitlements.”

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